Operating MS Windows and Windows Components


Microsoft WINDOWS


WHAT’S ON YOUR WINDOWS SCREEN

Depending on how you computer is set up, various item appear on your desktop when start Windows. Here are four important ones.

MY COMPUTER:
Double-click this icon to see your computer’s contents and manage your files.

NETWORK NEIGHBORHOOD
Double click this icon to see available resources on the network, if you computer is or can be connected to one.

RECYCLE BIN
The Recycle Bin is a temporary storage place for deleted files. Yu can use it to retrieve files deleted in error.

PROGRAMME MANAGER
You can find your old program groups by clicking the Start button and then pointing to Programs. You groups appear as folders on the Programs menu.

FILE MANAGER
To manage your files, you click the Start button, point to Programs, and then click Windows Explorer. Your directories appear as folders.

MS-DOS PROMPT
To open an MS-DOS window, you click the Start button, point to Programs and then click MS-DOS Prompt.

CONTROL PANEL
To open Control Panel, you click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.

PRINT MANAGER
To set up a printer or look at information about documents you’re printing, you click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Printers.

RUN COMMAND
To use the Run command, you click the Start button, and then click Run. You can run MS-DOS-based and Windows-based programs, open folders, and connect to network resources by using Run.

TASK SWITCHING
You can use the taskbar to switch between open windows. Just click the button on it that represents the window you want to switch to. You can also use ALT+TAB, just as you did in earlier versions of Windows.

CLOSE BUTTON:
To close a window, you click the Close button in the upper-right corner of the window, next to the Minimize and Maximize buttons.

WHAT’S NEW IN WINDOWS?
Windows offers many new, exciting features, in addition to improvements to many features you may be familiar with from earlier versions of Windows. This section mentions just a few of these features.
For a complete listing, look up “what’s new” in the Help Index.

NEW IMPROVED INTERFACE: Windows now features the Start button and taskbar. Click the Start button to quickly open the program, find documents and use system tools. Use the taskbar to switch between programs as easily as changing channels on your TV.

WINDOWS EXPLORER: Windows Explorer is a powerful way to browse through and manage your files, drives, and network connections.

LONG FILENAMES: Windows now supports long filenames to make your files easier to organize and find.

IMPROVED GAME & MULTIMEDIA SUPPORT: You will enjoy the faster will enjoy the faster video capability for games, enhanced support for MS-DOS-based games, and improved performance for playing video and sound files.

PLUG AND PLAY HARDWARE COMPATIBILITY: You can just insert the card for your Plug and Play hardware in your computer. When you turn on your computer, Windows recognizes and sets up your hardware for you automatically.

32-BIT PREEMPTIVE MULTITASKING: Windows now let’s you use many programs at once: do more in less time!

MICROSOFT EXCHANGE: Use Microsoft Exchange to view and work with all types of electronic communications, including e-mail and faxes.

THE MICROSOFT NETWORK: You can use this new, affordable, and easy-to-use online service to communicate with people worldwide, using e-mail, bulletin boards, and the Internet.

BACKING UP YOUR OLD FILES
Most Windows setups are easy and trouble-free, however, any time you update your computer’s operating system. It is possible that an error could occur (such as system failure due to incompatible hardware, or a power failure) that may temporarily or permanently prevents access to data.
Before you set up Windows 95, you might want to back up certain system files. The files you should back up include the following:
All initialization (ini) files in your Windows directory.
All registry data (dat) files in your Windows directory.
All password (pwl) files in your Windows directory.
All files specified in the Config.sys and Autoexec.bat files.
Your config.sys and Autoexec.bat files, located in the root directory of your startup drive (usually drive C)
Proprietary network configuration files and long scripts.
You may also want to back up personal or business data that is on the hard disk.
Just before setting up Windows 95, make sure your network software, if any, is working. The settings from the existing network configuration are used in Windows 95.

WHAT’S NEW IN WINDOWS?
Windows offers many new, exciting features, in addition to improvements to many features you may be familiar with from earlier versions of Windows. This section mentions just a few of these features.
For a complete listing, look up “what’s new” in the Help Index.

NEW IMPROVED INTERFACE: Windows now features the Start button and taskbar. Click the Start button to quickly open programs, find documents, and use system tools. Use the taskbar to switch between programs as easily as changing channels on your TV.

WINDOWS EXPLORER: Windows Explorer is a powerful way to browse through and manage your files, drives and network connections.

LONG FILESNAME: Windows now supports long filenames to make your files easier to organize and find.

IMPROVED GAME AND MULTIMEDIA SUPPORT: You will enjoy the faster video capability for games, enhanced support for MS-DOS-based games, and improved performance for playing video and sound files.

PLUG AND PLAY HARDWARE COMPATIBILITY: You can just insert the card for your Plug and Play hardware in your computer. When you turn on your computer, Windows recognizes and sets up your hardware for you automatically.
32-BIT PREEMPTIVE MULTITASKING: Windows now let’s you use many programs at once: do more in less time

MICROSOFT EXCHANGE: Use Microsoft Exchange to view and work with all types of electronic communications, including e-mail and faxes.

THE MICROSOFT NETWORK: You can use this new, affordable, and easy-to-use online service to communicate with people worldwide, using e-mail, bulletin boards, and the Internet.

USING YOUR PERSONAL COMPUTER Some Tips


USING YOUR PERSONAL COMPUTER

Once you have set up your computer, you are ready to take advantage of its versatility in this lesson you will also learn about the special keys on the key board, how to change your computer's operating speed and how to reset and turn off your computer.

SPECIAL KEYS ON THE KEYBOARD)

Some of the keys on your keyboard serve special functions when your computer is running software programs. You should become familiar with some of the more important keys, which are shown here on the keyboard:

Function
Keys 1-l0 Perform special functions within application programs

Tab Moves the cursor to the right in normal mode (and to the left in shift mode in some application programs).

Control Works with other keys to Perform special (control) functions, such editing operations in MS-DOS, GWBASIC and MS WORD etc.

Shift Produces uppercase characters Or symbols when used with the main character keys. Produces lowercase characters when CAPS lock is on.

Alternate Works with other keys to enter alternate character codes not otherwise available on a standard key board.

Backspace Move the cursor back one space, deleting the character to the left.


Enter Ends a line of keyboard input or executes a command. (This key may be called the Return key in some of your software documentation.)

Caps Lock Changes the letter key from lower to uppercase; changes back to lowercase when pressed again.

Escape Cancels the current command line or operation.

Nurn Lock Num Lock or Numeric Lock changes the function of the numeric / cursor keys from numeric to cursor positioning; changes when pressed again.

Scroll Lock Controls scrolling in some applications.

Print Screen Prints the screen display on a line printer

Home, End Within application programs,
Page Up, control cursor location
Page Down

Insert Turn insert function on and off.

Delete Deletes characters to the right

The Caps Lock, Num Lock and Scroll Lock keys work as toggles that is, on-off switches - when you press them. When you press the Caps Lock or the Num Lock key, the corresponding light in the upper right corner of the key boards (or otherwise) goes on. When you press these Keys a second time, the light goes off. Try pressing one of these- keys a few times and watch the indicator light go on and off.